In a steady state, hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) exhibit very low levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Upon stress, HSC get activated and enter into proliferation and differentiation process to ensure blood cell regeneration. Once activated, their levels of ROS increase, as messengers to mediate their proliferation and differentiation programs. However, at the end of the stress episode, ROS levels need to return to normal to avoid HSC exhaustion. It was shown that antioxidants can prevent loss of HSC self-renewal potential in several contexts such as aging or after exposure to low doses of irradiation suggesting that antioxidants can be used to maintain HSC functional properties upon culture-induced stress. Indeed, in humans, HSC are increasingly used for cell and gene therapy approaches, requiring them to be cultured for several days. As expected, we show that a short culture period leads to drastic defects in HSC functional properties. Moreover, a switch of HSC transcriptional program from stemness to differentiation was evidenced in cultured HSC. Interestingly, cultured-HSC treated with 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl (4-hydroxy-TEMPO or Tempol) exhibited a higher clonogenic potential in secondary colony forming unit cell (CFU-C) assay and higher reconstitution potential in xenograft model, compared to untreated cultured-HSC. By transcriptomic analyses combined with serial CFU-C assays, we show that Tempol, which mimics superoxide dismutase, protects HSC from culture-induced stress partly through VEGFα signaling. Thus, we demonstrate that adding Tempol leads to the protection of HSC functional properties during ex vivo culture.