How cells adjust their growth to the spatial and mechanical constraints of their surrounding environment is central to many aspects of biology. Here, we examined how extracellular matrix (ECM) rigidity affects cell division. We found that cells divide more rapidly when cultured on rigid substrates. While we observed no effect of ECM rigidity on rounding or postmitotic spreading duration, we found that changes in matrix stiffness impact mitosis progression. We noticed that ECM elasticity up-regulates the expression of the linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton (LINC) complex component SUN2, which in turn promotes metaphase-to-anaphase transition by acting on mitotic spindle formation, whereas when cells adhere to soft ECM, low levels of SUN2 expression perturb astral microtubule organization and delay the onset of anaphase.