Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) represents a major health concern and the curative treatment relies on surgical approaches including open and endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). While epidemiological studies have addressed the major outcomes including mortality and life threatening complications, the impact of surgical intervention on sexual function has been less well described. The aim of this review was to summarise current knowledge on the occurrence of sexual dysfunction in the context of AAA surgical repair and to explore whether surgical techniques could have differential impact.