Testicular germ cell tumours (TGCTs) are the most common tumours in young adults of European ancestry. The high heritability and the constantly increased incidence, which has doubled over the last 20 years, strongly suggest that both genetic and environmental factors are likely to shape the TGCT susceptibility. While genome-wide association studies have identified loci associated with TGCT susceptibility, the role played by environmental molecular vectors in TGCT susceptibility remains unclear. Evidence shows that sperm non-coding RNAs provide a good vision of the environmental stresses experienced by men. Here, to determine whether TGCT impacts the abundance of specific non-coding RNAs in sperm, small RNA deep sequencing analysis of sperm of 25 men aged between 19 and 42 years, diagnosed with ( = 16) or without ( = 9) TGCT was performed. The primary analysis showed no statistical significance in the sncRNA population between the TGCT and non-TGCT groups. However, when sperm physiological parameters were considered to look for differentially expressed sncRNA, we evidenced 11 differentially expressed sncRNA between patients and control which allow a clear discrimination between control and TGCT samples after Hierarchical Clustering analysis. Together, these findings indicate that sperm small non-coding RNAs abundance may have the potential for diagnosing men with TGCT. However, specific care should be taken regarding sperm physiological parameters of the TGCT patients. Hence, larger studies are needed to confirm our findings and to determine whether such a signature associates with the risks to develop TGCT.