The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been identified as predictive factors in several cardiovascular diseases but their significance in patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis is still poorly known. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical significance of the preoperative NLR and PLR in patients with ICA stenosis undergoing carotid endarterectomy.