Even though diabetes mellitus is a major risk for cardiovascular events and atherosclerosis-related diseases, it is negatively associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The understanding of the mechanisms underlying this negative association could bring new insights to identify prognostic and therapeutic targets. Here we summarize current knowledge of the relationship between glycemic parameters and clinical outcomes of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. Translational applications of glucose-targeted approaches as well as their potential interest for clinical practice are discussed in this context.