Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the hematopoietic system characterized by hyperproliferation of undifferentiated cells of the myeloid lineage. While most of AML therapies are focused towards tumor debulking, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induces neutrophil differentiation in the AML subtype acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Macroautophagy has been extensively investigated in the context of various cancers and is often dysregulated in AML where it can have context-dependent pro- or anti-leukemogenic effects. On the contrary, the implications of chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) on the pathophysiology of diseases are still being explored and its role in AML has remains elusive.