This article highlights the presentations from the 2021 scientific meeting of the Club Hematopoiesis and Oncogenesis. This annual meeting focuses on hematopoiesis and oncogenic mechanisms. Various topics were presented: expansion of hematopoietic stem cells with in vivo and ex vivo strategies, the role of the hematopoietic stem cell niches in aging and leukemic resistance, the crossroad between hematology and immunology, the importance of the metabolism in normal hematopoiesis and hematopoietic defects, solid tumors and oncogenesis, the noncoding genome, inflammation in monocyte differentiation and leukemia, and importantly, the recent advances in myeloid malignancies, lymphoid leukemia and lymphoma.