This study aimed to evaluate different serological strategies for the postnatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) and establish a biological algorithm for CT diagnosis. The study analyzed serological data of immunoglobulins M, A, and G (IgM, IgA, IgG) performed by immunoenzymatic and compared immunological profile (CIP) assays in 668 newborns with CT diagnosis across four testing periods: P1 (D0- D10), P2 (D11-D35), P3 (D36-D45), and P4 (>D45). Forty-nine percent of the 668 CT cases were diagnosed during P1 and 34%, 4%, and 12% during P2, P3, and P4, respectively. CIP assays detected neosynthetized IgMs/IgGs in 98% of CT cases diagnosed during P1, while IgMs and IgAs were detected in 90% and 57% of CT cases diagnosed during P2 and in 88% and 67% of diagnoses made during P3, respectively. Detection of neosynthesized IgMs/IgGs, IgMs, and IgAs by immunoassay contributed to CT diagnosis in 81%, 77%, and 60% of cases, respectively. In total, 46% of serum samples were positive for all three parameters, 27% for two, and 27% for one of the three. The study recommends using the CIP assay as standard during P1 for CT diagnosis and IgM and IgA immunoassays after P1. A clinical and biological follow-up in a specialized center with a close collaboration between biologists and clinicians is highly recommended to increase the chances of early diagnosis. Overall, this study provides useful information for the development of a biological algorithm for CT diagnosis, which can aid in early detection and appropriate treatment of this disease.