Excess weight and metabolic disorders have a negative impact on male reproductive functions. The mechanisms involved are numerous and complex and epigenetic mechanisms may also be involved, notably through the small non-coding RNAs. Among them, microRNAs (miRNAs) are of particular interest. This preliminary study aimed to identify the miRNAs differentially enriched in seminal plasma related to metabolic disorders and if some are also associated with spermatic parameters alterations. One hundred and sixty men between 18 to 45 years, partners of infertile couple, were included in this cohort. The miRNAs associated with metabolism were selected from the literature and assayed by quantitative real-time PCR using TaqMan gene expression assays. A subset of those with an interesting profile in seminal plasma were secondarily tested in blood.