Myocardial infarction (MI) is the primary cause of death in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their in-hospital mortality after MI is still elevated compared with those without T2D. Therefore, it is of crucial importance to identify possible mechanisms of worse clinical outcomes and mortality in T2D subjects. Monocyte/macrophage-mediated immune response plays an important role in heart remodelling to limit functional deterioration after MI. Indeed, first pro-inflammatory macrophages digest damaged tissue, then anti-inflammatory macrophages become prevalent and promote tissue repair. Here, we hypothesize that the worse clinical outcomes in patients with T2D could be the consequence of a defective or a delayed polarization of macrophages toward an anti-inflammatory phenotype.