Prostate cancer (PCa) ranks as the second most prevalent cancer in men, with advanced stages posing significant treatment challenges. Given its solid tumor nature, PCa is highly susceptible to hypoxia, a condition associated with resistance to radiation and chemotherapy, metastasis, and unfavorable patient outcomes. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) play a pivotal role in cancer cell adaptation to hypoxic environments, contributing to treatment resistance. Consequently, inhibitors targeting HIFs hold promise for cancer therapy.